Identifying Confusing Vocalizations Using Sonograms and Song Structure

By Tom Stephenson

All Photos by Tom Stephenson and Scott Whittle

This PDF version of the article, Identifying Confusing Vocalizations Using Sonograms and Song Sturcture, by Tom Stephenson, has MP3 audio links embedded throughout. You will need to use Adobe Reader (available for download at Adobe.com) and your computer to access this audio feature. We have not yet figured out how to embed the audio files for playback when viewed on the iPad or iPhone.

Identifying Confusing Vocalizations Using Sonograms and Song Structure [PDF] [5.39MB] (with audio links)

Published Western Tanager, Vol. 80 No. 1 Sept/Oct 2013

TPL_LAAS_ADDITIONAL_INFORMATION